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Owner: meaves529
Created: May 27, 2019
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PHASE ONE: Flagler college students and reading habits
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PHASE ONE: In this first phase of this project, descriptive statistical methods will be used to describe the sample of students surveyed.  The targeted population is all the students at Flagler College in Summer semester 2019.  One hundred fifty MAT 223 Statistic students were surveyed.  Since only MAT 223 Statistics students were sampled, the sample may not be representative of the population of all Flagler College students, so sampling bias may exist.  Furthermore, since the data was self-reported, the sample results will more than likely produce measurement bias as well

Survey Questions:

  1. What gender do you identify with?
    1. Female
    2. Male
  2. How old are you?
  3. Do you consider yourself a reader?
    1. Avid Reader
    2. Occasional Reader
    3. Non-reader
  4. How many books do you typically read for pleasure each year?
  5. What is the longest time (in minutes) you feel you can sit and read a book?
  6. When reading a book for pleasure, do you prefer fiction or non-fiction?
    1. Fiction
    2. Non-fiction
  7. When you read a book for pleasure, do you typically read a physical book or an electronic copy?
    1. Physical Book
    2. Electronic Copy
  8. Do you think reading for pleasure has decreased for your generation as opposed to older generations?
    1. Yes
    2. No
  9. Do you think you will (or do you) read more books for pleasure when you are not in school?
    1. Yes
    2. No
  10. Do you think reading a book for pleasure improves your social skills?
    1. Yes
    2. NO


In the sample of 150 MAT 223 Statistics students, 68% were female and 32% were male.  A bar graph displaying the students' ages is given below.  This percent distribution of gender closely matches the percent distribution of the entire student body at Flagler College.  The majority of the students are females.  Hence the mode response is females.


Below is a histogram describing the age of the sampled students. The best mesasure of center for the graph is the median because it is right skewed and there are potential outliers. The median age for students sampled is 19 years old. The graph is skewed right with two potential outliers. One at 32 years old and the other at 54 years old.

Result 2: Age Histogram   [Info]
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Result 3: Summary Stats for Age   [Info]

Summary statistics:

ColumnnMeanStd. dev.MedianRangeMinMaxIQRMode


Below is a bar chart describing whther the students usually read from a handheld book or an electronic copy. The physical books outwighed the electronic copies near 130 while electronics were slighlty under 20. This shows most students prefer physical books.

Result 4: Handheld or Electronic book Bar Plot   [Info]
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Below is a histogram that represents reading time in one sitting per student. These resukts are multi modal, almost appearing right skewed, except for potential outleirs. The appopriate measurew of center would be median which is 60, using the IQR as the measure of spread at 90. This shows multiple spread results.


Result 5: Reading time in one sitting Histogram   [Info]
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Result 6: Summary Stats for reading time in one sitting   [Info]

Summary statistics:

ColumnMeannStd. dev.MedianRangeMinMaxIQRMode
Reading time in one sitting87.53333315070.692860240024090120

Below is a histogram represnting weekly books read by surveyed Flagler College students. The graph appears to be right skewed with potential outliers at 80 and 100. These results show few students read more than 40 books per week. The median is 3 books with an IQR of 9.

Result 7: Weekly books read Histogram   [Info]
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Result 8: Summary Stats for weekly books read   [Info]

Summary statistics:

ColumnnMeanStd. dev.MedianRangeMinMaxIQRMode
Weekly books read1508.686666715.1689093100010090


Below is a bar chart reperesenting whther or not students believe reading for pleasure has decreased with their generation. Over 120 of the students reported yes while just undwer 20 reported no. This shows that the majority of the students believe that reading for pleasure has decreased in their generation. 

Result 9: Pleasure has decreased for your generation Bar Plot   [Info]
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Below is a bar chart representing how often the students read divided into three catagories. First being avid-reader, second being non-reader, and third being the occasional reader. This graph almost represents a reverse pareto chart, as the results are shown from small results to large. The majority responded as an occasional reader.

Result 10: How often you read bar chart   [Info]
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Below is a bar chart representing whether or not students believe reading for pleasure increase social skills. The results were close shiowing 90 said yes and 60 saids no. 

Result 11: Reading for pleasure increase social skills Bar Plot With Data   [Info]
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The below bar chart shows the results of students reporting whether they read more fiction or non-fiction books. The majority reported fiction while just 40 reported enjoying non-fiction books. This comes to no surprise knowinfg that fiction books seem to be more popuilar among college students. 


Result 12: Fiction or non-fiction Bar Plot   [Info]
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Data set 1. Eaves, McKenzie Christine - Flagler College Studen   [Info]
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Result 1: Gender Bar Graph   [Info]
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HTML link:
<A href="">PHASE ONE: Flagler college students and reading habits </A>

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