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Owner: tsharma517
Created: Mar 25, 2019
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Phase Two: Cell Phone Use of Flagler College Students in Spring 2019
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Phase Two: Cell Phone Use of Flagler College Students in Spring 2019

Introduction Phase One:

The purpose of this study is to explore Flagler students’ views on cellphone use in the Spring of 2018.  In particular, this report will look into the type of cell phones students’ own, how many minutes they spend on their cell phones, how many applications they use on their mobile device in a day, whether or not their parents put parental controls on their phones, the students’ view on the importance of being connected via their cell phones, and their view on the importance of daily posting on social media. Finally whether or not the use of cell phones being addictive.  

Result 1: Bar Plot With Data: Gender and Connection of Students Sampled   [Info]
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Data Collection

In this report, the targeted population is all Flagler College students on campus during the Fall Semester of 2018 and the Spring Semester of 2019.  A sample of one hundred and fifty MAT 223 statistics students were surveyed and their results will be used throughout the report. Since this sample consists of only MAT 223 statistics students who are typically freshmen or sophomores, the sample may not be representative of the population of all Flagler College students and may produce sampling bias.  Furthermore, since the data is self-reported, the sample results will more than likely represent measurement bias. The questions addressed in the survey are listed below.

Comparison 1

The stacked boxplot as well as the corresponding summary statistics below compares the results of the gender of students and the minutes that individual uses a cell phone. Out of the 150 students surveyed 104 were female and 46 were male. Males spent an average of 120 minutes on their cell phones and women spent an average of 10 minutes on their cell phones. The results contained no outliers. 

Result 2: Boxplot Social And Unsocial   [Info]
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Result 3: Summary Stats Social and Unsocial   [Info]

Summary statistics for Sample(Minutes on Cell Phone):


Group by: Sample(Connected)
Sample(Connected)nMinQ1MedianQ3IQR
No57590180240150
Yes930100180250150

Comparison 2

The split bar plot represented below describes the relationship between the genders of students surveyed and there need to feel socially connected via cell phone. 63% of males felt the need to be socially connected via cell phone compared to the 61.5% of females who felt the need to be socially connected via cell phone. The two results are close in comparison but shows that out of the 150 students surveyed, males had a stronger desire to be connected socially via cell phone. 

Result 4: Bar Plot With Data: Gender vs. Social Connection   [Info]
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Comparison 3

The following contingency table compares the two data sets; gender of student’s surveyed and the social connection via cell phone. Out of the 150 students surveyed, 93 responded with "Yes" to the desire of feeling socially connected by way of cell phone. 57 of the students responded with "No" to the desire of feeling socially connected by way of cell phone. As a result, a majority of the students surveyed feel the need to be socially connected via cell phone.  

Result 5: Contingency table (with data): Connected With Gender   [Info]

Contingency table results:


Rows: (Gender)
Columns: (Connected)
NoYesTotal
Female4064104
Male172946
Total5793150

Chi-Square test:


StatisticDFValueP-value
Chi-square10.030662480.861

Conclusion

In conclusion females spent more minutes on their cell phones than males. However the results were not equal because the amount of females surveyed was significantly higher than the amount of males surveyed. Males felt the need to be socially connected via cell phone 2.5% more than females out of the 150 students surveyed. Overall the two groups surveyed did not differ that much, but it is shown that a majority of the students surveyed (93/150) feel the need to be socially connected via cell phone.

 

Data set 1. McCusker and Sharma - Flagler College Students and   [Info]
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<A href="https://www.statcrunch.com/5.0/viewreport.php?reportid=86149">Phase Two: Cell Phone Use of Flagler College Students in Spring 2019</A>

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