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Created: Mar 25, 2019
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PHASE TWO: importance of a college education
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PHASE TWO: Importance of a college education among Flagler students


Introduction

On the first phase of this project, the importance of a college education of a sample of 150 Flagler College students from fall semester 2019 was explored.  In this phase of the report, this same sample of 150 students will be divided into two smaller samples. The two samples are the sample of Flagler College students who believe their Gpa will have serious consequences on future job prospects, and those that don't.  For purposes of this report, the two samples will be defined with a simple phrase. The term “GPA centered” will define the sample of those Flagler College students who do not think their GPA affects future job prospects and the term “GPA indifferent” will refer to the sample of those Flagler College students who do think GPA will have and affect on future job prospects. There are 81 GPA centered and 69 GPA indifferent students sampled.


Result 1: Bar Plot With Data GPA and future job employment   [Info]
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Students surveyed answered many other questions.  They reported what gender they identified with, what type of student they were in high school, and how much money they were given a month by their family. In this report, three comparisons will be investigated.  First, a comparison will be made of the ages between the GPA centered and GPA indifferent students. Then the likelihood of attending graduate school will be compared between the GPA centered and GPA indifferent Students. Lastly, belief that attending a club or organization is important is compared between the GPA centered and GPA indifferent samples.


Overall, there was not much of a difference in the ages reported between the GPA centered and the GPA indiferent students.  The median age was 19 for both sample groups. This is not significantly different. The upper and lower quartiles for the samples were the same (at 18 and 32 years old respectively) and the minimum and maximum ages were also very similar (at 16 and between 17 and 37 respectively).  Both sample distributions had outliers. In fact, the upper fence of 37 for the GPA centered was greater than the upper fence of 32 for the GPA indifferent students. Furthermore, the variability of the responses is similar between the two groups based on an IQR of 2 and 1 respectively. Therefore, it seems that regardless of a students’ feeling on how GPA is affecting them in potential future job employment, there is no real difference in age



Result 2: Boxplot of ages and GPA affects on future job prospects   [Info]
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Result 3: Summary Stats for age and GPA applicability on future job prospects   [Info]

Summary statistics for Age:


Group by: College GPA importance in job acquisition
College GPA importance in job acquisitionnMinQ1MedianQ3MaxIQR
No6116181920322
Yes8917181919371


Comparison #2: Likelihood of attending graduate school amongst those who believe GPA will affect future job prospects

The following split bar plot shows that GPA centered and GPA indiferent students did not differ in their responses to whether or not they would be attending graduate school.  Approximately 68% of both groups have made friends through social media and approximately 32% of both groups have not. This is certainly an interesting result. Regardless of a students’ opinion on whether or not GPA is important in future job acquisition, most students plan to go on to graduate school. GPA seems to not really be a big concern for students when it comes to whether they are considering graduate school or not.


Result 4: Bar Plot With Data of graduate school/ gpa will or will not affect future job prospects   [Info]
Right click to copy


 

Comparison #3: Distraction

The following contingency table compares the responses to whether or not being in a club or organization is important to a college education between the GPA centered and the GPA indiferent students.  Overall, 111 out of 150 students believe that being in a college club or organization is important, as opposed to the 39 students that don't. Thus, 74% (111/150) of all the students surveyed feel that joining a club or organization is important.  Therefore, the majority of the students surveyed feel that club memberships are important.

Of the 89 GPA centered Students surveyed, 68 feel that attending a college club is important, and of the 61 GPA indifferent Students surveyed, 43 feel like being in a college club is important.  That is, 70.49% (43/61) of the GPA indifferent students while 76.4% (68/89) of the GPA centered students feel clubs are important. Thus, approximately 6% more of the GPA centered students feel club attendance is important.

 

 

Result 5: Contingency table of students attending a college club and those who believe gpa is significant in g   [Info]

Contingency table results:


Rows: College GPA importance in job acquisition
Columns: College Club
NoYesTotal
No184361
Yes216889
Total39111150

Chi-Square test:


StatisticDFValueP-value
Chi-square10.657648590.4174

 

 

Conclusion

In this comparison of the opinions between the students surveyed who do not feel GPA Affects their future job prospects (GPA indifferent) and those students surveyed who do feel GPA affects their future job prospects (GPA centered), it was found that these two groups did not differ in age.  It was found, though, that the two groups did plan to attend graduate school, despite them having differing beliefs about GPA importance. Both the GPA centered and GPA indifferent students felt that attending a college club was important, with about a 6% difference in that the GPA centered students said yes at a slightly higher degree.

Data set 1. Garcia-Ashe-Latorre-Sampled from Flagler College S   [Info]
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