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Created: Mar 15, 2019
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PHASE TWO: Flagler College Students and Climate Change in Spring 2019
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PHASE TWO: Flagler College Students and Climate Change in Spring 2019

Introduction:

On the first phase of this project, the views on climate change of a sample of 100 Flagler College students from spring semester 2019 was explored.  In this phase of the report, this same sample of 150 students will be divided into two smaller samples.  The two samples are the sample of Flagler College students who grew up in a coastal region and the sample of Flagler College students who recorded the number of natural disasters experienced their lifetime.  For purposes of this report, the two samples will be defined with a simple phrase.  The term “Coastal Student” will define the sample of those Flagler College students who grew up in a coastal region and the term “Noncoastal Student” will refer to the sample of those Flagler College students who did not grow up in a coastal region.  There are 59 Coastal Students and 41 Noncoastal Students sampled.

 

Result 1: Grew Up In Coastal Region   [Info]
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Students surveyed answered many other questions.  They reported whether or not they agreed with the U.S.’s decision to withdraw from the Paris Climate Accord, if they believed in climate change, and if they think climate change is a natural occurrence or human made.  In this report, three comparisons will be investigated.  First, a comparison will be made between the reported number of natural disasters students individually experienced in their lifetime between the Coastal and Noncoastal Students. Then the responses to the students’ opinions on the U.S.’s decision to withdraw from the Paris Climate Accord and the belief in climate change will be compared between the Coastal and Noncoastal Students.

Comparison #1: Number of Natural Disasters Experienced in Lifetime

The following stacked boxplots and corresponding summary statistics represent the number of natural disasters experienced throughout the lives of the for the Coastal Students and the Noncoastal Students. There were no outliers which were too great/low so as to be unbelievable (and therefore, unincluded) in this data set.

Overall, there was some difference in the number of natural disasters the students experienced in their lifetimes between the Coastal Students and the Noncoastal Students.  The median number of natural disasters experienced in the lifetime of the Coastal Student was 5 natural disaster events while the median number of natural disasters experienced in the lifetime of the Noncoastal Students was 1 natural disaster events.  This is only marginally different.  The upper and lower quartiles for the samples were similar (at 3 and 6 hours for the Coastal Students; at 1 and 5 hours for the Noncoastal Students) and the minimum and maximum number natural disaster events experienced were also very similar (at 0 for both and between 20 and 25 hours respectively).  Both sample distributions had outliers.  The upper and lower fences were the same for both categories (at 0 and 10 respectively).  The greatest outlier for the Noncoastal Students was greater than the greatest outlier for the Coastal Students. This went against my intuition; I thought all values would be greatest for the Coastal Students. Furthermore, the variability of the responses is very similar between the two groups based on an IQR of 3 disasters for Coastal Students and an IQR of 4 disasters for Noncoastal Students.  Therefore, it seems that regardless of a students’ background of where they grew up (whether it be in a coastal region or a non-coastal region), there is no major effect on the number of natural disasters one is inclined to experience in their lifetime.

 

Result 2: Number of Natural Disasters Experienced in Lifetime Between Students Who Grew Up on the Coast and Th   [Info]
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Result 3: Summary Stats - Number of Natural Disasters Experienced in Lifetime Between Students Who Grew Up on   [Info]

Summary statistics for Number of Natural Disasters Experienced in Life:


Group by: Grew Up In Coastal Region
Grew Up In Coastal RegionnMinQ1MedianQ3MaxIQR
No410115254
Yes590356203

Comparison #2: U.S. Paris Climate Accord Decision

The following split bar plot shows that Coastal and Noncoastal Students did not differ greatly in their responses as to whether they agree or not with the U.S. decision to withdraw from the Paris Climate Accord.  Approximately 70% of the Coastal Student group and approximately 76% of the Noncoastal Student group disagreed with the U.S.’s decision to withdraw from the Paris Climate Accord and approximately 24% of the Noncoastal Students and 31% of the Coastal Students agree.  This is certainly an interesting result.  Regardless of a students’ location where they grew up and the subsequent number of disasters they experienced in those areas, most students disagree with the U.S.’s decision to withdraw from the Paris Climate Accord.

 

Result 4: Coastal/Noncoastal Students vs. U.S. Paris Climate Accord   [Info]
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Comparison #3: Belief in Climate Change

The following contingency table compares the responses to belief in climate change between the Coastal students and the Noncoastal Students.  Overall, 94 out of the 100 students surveyed believe that believe in climate change while only 6 students do not.  Thus, 94% (94/100) of all the students surveyed feel climate change is real.  Therefore, the majority of the students surveyed believe in climate change.

Of the 59 Coastal Students surveyed, 55 believe in climate change and of the 41 Noncoastal Students surveyed, 39 believe in climate change.  That is, 93.2% (55/59) of the Coastal Students believe that climate change is real while 95.1% (39/41) of the Noncoastal Students believe in climate change.  Thus, approximately 2% more of the Noncoastal Students believe in climate change.

 

Result 5: Contingency table - Belief in Climate Change   [Info]

Contingency table results:


Rows: Grew Up In Coastal Region
Columns: Belief in Climate Change
NoYesTotal
No23941
Yes45559
Total694100

Chi-Square test:


StatisticDFValueP-value
Chi-square10.155096030.6937
Warning: over 20% of cells have an expected count less than 5.
Chi-Square suspect.

Conclusion

In this comparison of the opinions between the students surveyed who grew up in a coastal region (Coastal Students) and those students surveyed who did not grow up in coastal regions (Noncoastal Students), it was found that these two groups did not greatly differ in the number of natural disasters they experienced in their lifetime and there was no significant difference in their opinions on the U.S.’s decision to withdraw from the Paris Climate Accord.  It was also found that the two groups did not differ in their opinion as to if they believed in climate change or not.  Both the Coastal and Noncoastal Students agreed upon climate change being real. This is not surprising to me. Younger people are most likely to be the population in colleges and younger people are more apt to be more progressive than past generations (on issues such as climate change).

 

Data set 1. Responses to Climate Change Survey   [Info]
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<A href="https://www.statcrunch.com/5.0/viewreport.php?reportid=85908">PHASE TWO: Flagler College Students and Climate Change in Spring 2019</A>

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