**Phase One Flagler College Students and School Shootings**

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Mat 223 Final Project

Mat 223 Final Project: Flagler College Students and School Shootings Spring 2019

The reasoning and purpose behind conducting this study is to see how school shootings have affected Flagler students, specifically during the 2019 spring semester. This study looks at the students opinions on aspects of the shootings, the background they came from, and if they know others who are affected.

Summary of Data Collection

In this specific report, the targeted population is Flagler students. One hundred and fifty Mat 223 students were asked the ten questions listed below. Science only Mat 223 students were tested, the students are mostly comprised of freshmen and sophomores. This is supposed to be a representative sample of all Flagler students, although it is recognized that some bias may occur. With this, the sample is self-reported, meaning the sample will most likely show measurement bias.

Sample Questions

1. What gender do you identify with?

2. How old are you?

3. What type of high school did you graduate from?

4. Approximately how many friends do you know who were raised in a house with guns?

5. Do you know of any student who was removed from a public or private school setting and

placed in home schooling after a well-publicized school shooting occurred?

6. Approximately how many school shootings do you remember off the top of your head?

7. Do you think a shooter under the age of 18 should be tried as an adult?

8. Do you think that a school shooter should be executed?

9. Do you think concealed weapons should be allowed on campuses?

10. Do you think the government is doing enough to protect children in schools?

Sample Data - Graphs and Summary Statistics

Demographics

Result 1: What gender do you identify with?

In this sample, ⅓ of the students sampled were male, and the remaining ⅔ are female. The mode of this sample is female. Because the mode is so clear, the variability of the outcome is low.

Result 2: How old are you?

Since the study’s targeted demographic is college students, the mode of the date is between 15 - 19. The mode makes up 81.3% of the data. The age range 20 - 24 makes up 16%. The age range from 25 - 29 makes up 1.3% of the data. The ranges 30 - 34 and 50 - 54 each make up .67% of the sample. The best measure of the center would be the median because the data is skewed. The median is 19. The best measure of spread would be the IQR because the data is skewed. The IQR is 1.

Column |
n |
Mean |
Variance |
Std. dev. |
Std. err. |
Median |
Range |
Min |
Max |
Q1 |
Q3 |
Sum |
IQR |

Sample(Age) |
150 |
19.2 |
11.208054 |
3.3478431 |
0.27335025 |
19 |
38 |
16 |
54 |
18 |
19 |
2880 |
1 |

Other Sample Results:

Result 3: What type of high school did you graduate from?

The mode is overwhelming obvious with this question. It is clear to see that most of the participants in this study graduated from public schools. 76% of the participants graduated from public schools, 20.7% came from private school, and 3.3% were homeschooled.

Result 4: Approximately how many friends do you know who were raised in a house with guns?

This is a bimodal histogram. The mode of the data is the range from 0 - 2.4, making up 39.3% of the data. The second highest group is from 10 - 12.4 which makes up 16.7% of the data. This data can all be affected by where the participants grew up and their personal belief/interest on the issue. This histogram is also right skewed. The best measure of center would be the median because the data is skewed. The median for this data is 4. The best measure of spread for the data is IQR because the data is skewed. The IQR is 9.

Column |
n |
Mean |
Variance |
Std. dev. |
Std. err. |
Median |
Range |
Min |
Max |
Q1 |
Q3 |
Sum |
IQR |

Sample(Number of Friends raised with Guns) |
150 |
6.6333333 |
52.690157 |
7.2587986 |
0.59267842 |
4 |
25 |
0 |
25 |
1 |
10 |
995 |
9 |

Result 5: Do you know of any student who was removed from a public or private school setting and placed in home schooling after a well-publicized school shooting occurred?

The mode of this bar chart is the answer no. The mode makes up 88% of the data. Participants who answered yes consist of 12% of the total data collected for this question.

Result 6: Approximately how many school shootings do you remember off the top of your head?

The approximate of school shooting off the top of our head is displayed in the histogram below. The distribution is skewed right and the shape is bimodal. The mode is between 5 - 7.5, this makes up 41.3% of the data. The best measure of the center would be the median because the data is skewed. The median is 19. The best measure of spread for the data would be IQR because the data is skewed. The IQR is 1.

.

Column |
n |
Mean |
Variance |
Std. dev. |
Std. err. |
Median |
Range |
Min |
Max |
Q1 |
Q3 |
Sum |
IQR |

Sample(Age) |
150 |
19.2 |
11.208054 |
3.3478431 |
0.27335025 |
19 |
38 |
16 |
54 |
18 |
19 |
2880 |
1 |

Result 7: Do you think a shooter under the age of 18 should be tried as an adult?

It was very clear that the majority of students believed that school shooters under the age of 18 should be tried as an adult. This is due to the fact that the mode of yes makes up 80% of the total data. The answer no only made up 20% of the data collected.

Result 8: Do you think that a school shooter should be executed?

The mode if this bar chart is the answer no, which makes up 56.7% of the data. The answer yes makes up 43.3% of the data. Although the answer no was the mode, the bar chart shows that the mode is not very decisive to to the fact that there is so little variance.

Result 9: Do you think concealed weapons should be allowed on campuses?

It is made very obvious that the vast majority of Flagler students do not think that concealed weapons should be allowed on college campuses. 82.7% of the participants answered no to this question.

Result 10: Do you think the government is doing enough to protect children in schools?

The mode is made very clear with this specific question, 87.3% of the participants believe that the government is not doing enough to protect children in schools.

**Data set 1. Flagler College Students and School Shootings Spri**[Info]

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