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Created: Nov 9, 2018
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Phase Two: Flagler College Students and Climate Change
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Introduction:

On the first phase of this project, exploring Climate Change of a sample of 150 Flagler College students from fall semester 2016 was explored.  In this phase of the report, this same sample of 150 students will be divided into two smaller samples. The two samples are the sample of Flagler College students who either disagreed or agreed with America pulling out of the Paris Accord. For purposes of this report, the two samples will be defined with a simple phrase.  The term “Yes” will define the sample of those Flagler College students who agreed with pulling out of the Accord and the term “No” will refer to the sample of those Flagler College Students that did not agree with pulling out of the Accord. There are 40 Yes Students and 110 No Students sampled.


Result 1: Flagler Students Who Agree or Disagree with America pulling out of the Paris Accord

Result 1: Phase Two: Paris Climate Accord   [Info]
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Students surveyed answered many other questions. They answered whether they agreed or disagreed with America pulling out of the Paris Climate Accord. In this report, three comparisons will be investigated.  First, a comparison will be made between the reported numbers of dramatic climate changes and then the responses to pulling out of the Paris CLimate Accord.

 

Comparison #1: Number of Dramatic Climate Change Events experienced

The following stacked boxplots and corresponding summary statistics represent the number of Dramatic Changes in Climate and the number of students who either agreed or disagreed with the Paris Accord. There are no outliers.

 

Overall, there was not much of a difference in the reported number of changes and those who answered the Paris question. The median for No is approximately 5 while the median for Yes is 3. While more people are No  the difference between the two groups is not that big of a difference. The lower and upper quartiles for the two groups do have more difference between them with Q1 and Q3 for No is 3 and 7 while for those who are Yes is 0 and 5 with no outliers between either group. The variability of both groups is close but not the same with the IQR of those who are No is 4 and those who are Yes is 5. This data from the Q1, Q3, and the IQR suggest that those who experience a greater number of dramatic climate change events are more likely to disagree with pulling out of the Paris Climate Agreement while those who experience less or no dramatic climate events are more likely to agree with pulling out of the Paris Climate Agreement. Though this is not a guarantee as the data also shows those who are Yes have experienced some or even a significant amount of dramatic climate change events in their lifetimes. This suggests that while experience any or a significant amount of dramatic climate change events is more likely to make a person be a No, that does not guarantee it and other factors could play a part in the decision.

Result 2: Phase Two: Paris Accord & Climatic Events   [Info]
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Result 3: Phase Two: Contingency table   [Info]
Contingency table results:
Rows: Paris Climate Accord
Columns: Number of Dramatic Climactic Events in Life Time
01234567891012152025Total
Agree113563401010122140
Disagree98101212151466281322110
Total2011151815191476382543150

Chi-Square test:
StatisticDFValueP-value
Chi-square1422.6013060.0671
Warning: over 20% of cells have an expected count less than 5.
Chi-Square suspect.

 

 

Comparison #2: Agreeing with the Paris Climate Agreement vs. Believing Climate Change is man made

 

The following split bar plot shows the students who agreed or disagreed with pulling out of the Paris Climate Agreement and whether or not they believe climate change is a human made creation or a natural cycle. For those who believed climate change was Human made 63.3% of them were No, while 18.7% were Yes. Overall 82% of students surveyed thought, while only 18% of students surveyed thought it was a natural cycle. Of those 18% only 8% of those students agreed were Yes while 10% were still No. This indicates to me that while more people who think climate change is human made will more likely be a No there is still a sizable percentage of students, almost 20%, who are still Yes showing and a good amount of students, 10%, still believe climate change is a natural cycle but is still a No. Showing that while the belief of whether or not climate change is a man made entity is a significant factor in being a No or Yes, there are still other factors involved in deciding whether a person is a No or a Yes.

Result 4: Phase Two: Human Made or Natural Cycle   [Info]
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Comparison #3 Contingency Table (with data)- Agreeing with the Paris Climate Agreement vs. Believing Climate Change is real

 

 

The following contingency table compares the responses to believing climate change is real and being No or Yes.  Overall, 147 out of the 150 students surveyed believed that climate change is real while only 3 students believed climate change wasn’t real.  Therefore 98% (147/150) of all the students surveyed believe climate change is real while only 2% (3/150) students believed it wasn’t. Therefore, the majority of the students surveyed believe climate is real.

Of the 40 Yes Students surveyed, only 1 student believes climate change isn’t real while the 39 other students believe climate change is real.  That is, 2.5% (1/40) believe climate change is not real while 97.5% (39/40) believe climate change is real. Of the 110 No students surveyed 1.9% (2/110) of students believe climate change is real while 98.2 (108/110) believe climate change is real. This shows a significant difference between students who don’t believe climate change is real as opposed to those who believe climate change is real. This also shows that believing climate change is real does not really impact whether or not a student is a Yes or No.

Result 5: Phase Two: Summary Stats   [Info]
Summary statistics for Number of Dramatic Climactic Events in Life Time:
Group by: Paris Climate Accord
Paris Climate AccordMedianMinMaxQ1Q3IQR
Agree3025055
Disagree5025374

 

Conclusion

 

In this comparison of the opinions between Students who agreed with the U.S’s decision to pull out of the Paris Climate Agreement (Yes) and those who disagreed with the U.S’s decision to pull out of the Paris Climate Agreement (No), did not greatly differ in the number of dramatic climate events each group had experienced.  It was found, though, that the two groups did greatly differ in whether climate change was human made or a natural cycle and whether or not climate change was real. More students surveyed who disagreed with pulling out of the Paris Climate Agreement were more likely to believe climate change was real and human made. This does not surprise me that people who believed climate change was real or human made would want to stay in a deal that would tackle the issue climate change, but the graph showed that those who did agree with pulling out of the Paris Climate Agreement still mostly believed climate change was real and human made showing that there are other factors to determine why a student would agree with pulling out of the Paris Climate Agreement. This would likely need to be examined further as to determine why.



Data set 1. Sampled from Flagler College Students and Climate   [Info]
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<A href="https://www.statcrunch.com/5.0/viewreport.php?reportid=82220">Phase Two: Flagler College Students and Climate Change</A>

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