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Created: Nov 9, 2018
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Phase Two: Flagler College Students and Travel in 2018
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Phase Two

Introduction

 

In Phase One, we analyzed the Flagler College students’ opinions on travel. This sample consisted of 150 students currently enrolled in Statistics, addressing their views on study abroad opportunities, vacation preferences, and the merits of travel. In Phase Two of our project, we will further break down the distribution of responses. This report will focus on the data obtained from the survey question, “If Flagler College offered a shortened term, do you think all students should be required to participate in one term that involves travel?” We will describe the students who answered “Yes,” as “pro-requirement” students, and those who answered “No,” as “anti-requirement” students. We will further analyze this data by grouping responses to other questions based on the individuals status as pro- or anti-requirement  students, to see if this may reveal any trends.

Result 1: Should Study-Abroad Be Required   [Info]
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As well as discussing their opinion on a study-abroad requirement, these 150 students answered an additional 9 questions, three of which we will be examining here. In our first comparison, we will examine the number of times that pro-requirement and anti-requirement students have traveled outside of the country. We will then compare the responses of pro- and anti-requirement students regarding their prefered date for a semester abroad, and finally, their inclination toward travel in general.


Comparison #1

The boxplot below describes the number of times a student has traveled outside of the country. The box labeled “Yes,” contains the distribution of Pro-Requirement Students, while “No” refers to the Anti-Requirement students.

In either of these charts, we see that the minimum value is equal at 0 and the quartile values are extremely close. Quartile one for the Anti-Requirement group was 1, while Pro-Requirement was 0.  Quartile three was 10 and 9, respectively. The median for Pro-Requirement students was 2, while the median for Anti-Requirement Students was 3- both of these values were skewed left on the boxplot. While outliers were present in either group, Pro-Requirement had a much larger spread, with its fourth and final outlier reporting 50 trips outside of the country. The largest outlier in the group's counterpart, however, is a mere 30.

It is interesting to see that while Pro-Requirement Students have more spread, the Anti-Requirement Students actually report a greater median number of times traveled outside of the country.

 

Result 2: Times Traveled Outside of Country Grouped By Study Abroad Requirement   [Info]
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Result 3: Number of Times A Student Has Left The Country Summary Stats   [Info]
Summary statistics:
ColumnnMeanVarianceStd. dev.Std. err.MedianRangeMinMaxQ1Q3
Left Country1507.1333333110.0760610.4917140.85664486250050010

 


Comparison #2

In this split bar plot, we compare the study-abroad date preferences in the Anti-Requirement group, and the preferences of the Pro-Requirement group. Both groups were about equally divided between the choice of a J-Mester or May-Mester, with a slight preference towards the J-Mester. The Anti-Requirement Students were the less balanced of the two, with the January semester chosen by seven more students than the May semester.

Result 4: Study Abroad Date grouped by Study Abroad Requirement   [Info]
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Comparison #3

Below is a contingency table reflecting Pro-Requirement and Anti-requirement Students’ enjoyment of travel. Only about 5% of students, overall, reported that they did not enjoy travel. In comparison, 95% (142 out 150 individuals) of the sample answered “yes,” that they did like to travel.

Out of the 59 Anti-Requirement students, 6 did not like traveling, or about 11% of this group. This is larger compared to the overall sample, which was fairly expected. It seems natural that students who do not enjoy travel in general would oppose a requirement by the school to do so. However, the fact that students that do not like travel are a  minority in this group implies that the requirement for a semester abroad has not been rejected simply because these students would not enjoy it. I would be interested to see this groups results when asked if they would be interested in a semester abroad, assuming money was not an issue.

Pro-Requirement students also favored travel, though even more strongly than their counterpart. Almost 98% expressed their liking for it, with only 2 out of 91 individuals reported that they did not enjoy it. While not entirely absurd, I so find it notable that there were those who do not like travel, but think that a semester abroad should be required.

 

Result 5: "Like Travel" compared to "Should Study Abroad be Required"   [Info]
Contingency table results:
Rows: Like Travel
Columns: Should Study-Abroad be Required
NoYesTotal
No628
Yes5389142
Total5991150

Chi-Square test:
StatisticDFValueP-value
Chi-square14.50512720.0338
Warning: over 20% of cells have an expected count less than 5.
Chi-Square suspect.

 

Conclusion

In comparing the trends of Pro-Requirement Students and Anti-Requirement Students, we generally saw similar responses between the two groups. In our first comparison, regarding the number of times a person had traveled outside of the country, we saw very close results in which nearly all statistics of a group were within a single value of the other’s. The outliers, however, were significantly larger on the Pro-Requirement side. The preference for either a January or February semester-abroad was analyzed in our second comparison. Both groups seemed to favour a January semester. This was extremely close  in the case of Pro-Requirement, and more significant for Anti-Requirement students. In our final comparison, we looked at the reported enjoyment of travel. Although those who did not like to travel made up a small minority of either group, 75% of these responses came from Anti-Requirement Students. The percentage of Anti-Requirement students who did not enjoy travelling was about 5 times that of Pro-Requirement students.

Data set 1. Flagler College Students and Travel 2018   [Info]
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HTML link:
<A href="https://www.statcrunch.com/5.0/viewreport.php?reportid=82211">Phase Two: Flagler College Students and Travel in 2018</A>

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