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Owner: alisaheath
Created: Oct 28, 2018
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PHASE 2- Gender comparison concerning JUUL habits and knowledge
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PHASE 2


Introduction-

In this phase, phase two, of the project the population is the students of Flagler College, the sample surveyed were the 223 fall semester statistics students. The two samples that will be compared in this phase of the project are the male and female demographics of the statistics classes, as an attempt to demonstrate the values and knowledge of Flagler College students concerning JUULs. More specifically, the samples will be compared in the number of times each use JUULs (JUULed), whether each sample agree to allow JUUL consumption on Flagler College campus, and whether each sample were aware that one JUUL cartridge contained the same amount of nicotine as a pack of cigarettes.














Comparison 1- Number of Times JUULed Between Male and Female Students

Summary statistics for Number of times used JUUL:

Group by: Gender

Gender

n

Min

Q1

Median

Q3

Max

IQR

Male

41

0

0

0

50

200

50

Female

109

0

0

0

4

100

4


This boxplot represents the responses of the two samples when asked the number of times they have JUULed. The The female sample has more trials than the male sample, 109 female trials > 41 male trials, as Flagler college is a predominantly female school. Although there is some variability, with an IQR of four, the median is zero. This is so because ninety or around 83% of females have stated that they have never JUULed before. With a Q3 of four, females that stated any frequency above four are outliers. The female sample has four outliers. Furthermore, the minimum value is also zero times used. Contrastly, the maximum value is 100 as the largest value is 100 times used.

On the other hand, the male sample had forty-one trials, further demonstrating the gap between the amount of females and males. The median for males is zero times used. This is so because twenty-nine or 71% of males stated that they have never consumed JUULs before. Furthermore, the minimum value is zero times and the maximum value is 200 times. With a Q3 of fifty, any value above fifty is an outlier. The male sample has one outlier.Despite having the lesser amount of trials, the male sample had greater variability with an IQR of 50.

The female sample has a larger amount of individuals than the male sample; thus, have more trials. The majority of both females and males have stated that they have never consumed a JUUL before. Despite having less trials and individuals, the male sample has greater variability based on their IQR. Furthermore, the female sample has more outliers than the male sample. Finally, the male sample has a higher maximum than the female sample.

 



Comparison 2- Male vs Female on Allowing use of JUULs on Flagler Campus


 

This split bar plot shows the two samples response when asked whether the use of JUULs on Flagler Campus should be banned or allowed. Forty eight females or 32 % of females of the overall sample group stated that the use of JUULs on Flagler campus should be banned. However, 61 females or 40.7 % of females of the overall sample group stated that JUULs should be allowed. 16 males or 10.7 % of males of the overall sample group stated that the use of JUULs on Flagler Campus should be banned. However, 25 males or 16.7% of males of the overall sample group stated that the use of JUULs should be allowed on campus.


Comparison 3- Contingency table comparing gender to knowing that one JUUL pod has the equivalent amount of nicotine as a pack of cigarettes.

Contingency table results for Gender=Female:

Rows: Equal to Pack of Cigs

Columns: Gender

 

Female

Male

Total

No

30

0

30

Yes

79

0

79

Total

109

0

109


Chi-Square test:

Statistic

DF

Value

P-value

Chi-square

1

NaN

NaN

Warning: over 20% of cells have an expected count less than 5.

Chi-Square suspect.


Contingency table results for Gender=Male:

Rows: Equal to Pack of Cigs

Columns: Gender

 

Female

Male

Total

No

0

11

11

Yes

0

30

30

Total

0

41

41


Chi-Square test:

Statistic

DF

Value

P-value

Chi-square

1

NaN

NaN

Warning: over 20% of cells have an expected count less than 5.

Chi-Square suspect.

The above contingency table compares the gender of students who know that a JUUL pod contains the same amount of nicotine as one full pack of cigarettes. Overall 79 of 109 or 72.5% female students, and 30 of 41 or 73.2% of male students know that a JUUL pod contains a large amount of nicotine. 109 of the 150 students or 76.7% of the students, both male and female, are aware of the dangers that are attached with using a JUUL.


Conclusion-

In Phase two of the project, two samples from the overall population surveyed were compared. More specifically, the male and female sample were compared. The comparison was done to analyze the similarities and differences between male’s and female’s knowledge, experience, and opinions on JUULs. The samples are then used to analyze the tendencies of males and females of Flagler College.

 

data

HTML link:
<A href="https://www.statcrunch.com/5.0/viewreport.php?reportid=81676">PHASE 2- Gender comparison concerning JUUL habits and knowledge </A>

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