**Phase One: Flagler Students and JUUL**

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Statistics Group Project: The use of JUUL by Flagler College Students

The purpose of this study is to explore the use of JUULs among students at Flagler College during the fall semester 2018. In particular, this report will look into many of the aspects important to JUUL use today including the amount of time students use JUULS, the various JUULs flavors pod that students smoke, and the opinion of students in regard to their practices with the use of JUUL.

Data Collection:

In this first phase of this project, descriptive statistical methods will be used to describe the sample of students surveyed. The targeted population is all the students at Flagler College in Fall semester 2018. One hundred fifty MAT 223 Statistic students were surveyed. Since only MAT 223 Statistics students were sampled, the sample may not be representative of the population of all Flagler College students, so sampling bias may exist. Furthermore, since the data was self-reported, the sample results will more than likely produce measurement bias as well.

Survey Questions:

1. What gender do you identify with?

a. Female

b. Male

2. How old are you?

3. JUUL is the most popular e-cigarette among teens. The vaping device looks like a flash drive and can be charged in a USB port. Have you ever used a JUUL flavor pod?

a. Yes

b. No

4. Approximately how many times have you used a JUUL flavor pod?

5. Approximately how many of your friends use a JUUL flavor pod?

6. Which flavor group have you used most often or would interested in using?

a. Menthol

b. Tobacco

c. Fruit

d. Dessert and Cream

e. Not Interested

7. Have you ever seen a student use a JUUL flavor pod in your school (middle school, high school, college)?

a. Yes

b. No

8. Do you think that flavored (like Fruit and Dessert & Cream) e-cigarettes are less harmful than tobacco-flavored e-cigarettes?

a. Yes

b. No

9. Did you know that the amount of nicotine in one JUUL cartridge is roughly equal to the amount of nicotine in a pack of cigarettes (about 200 puffs)?

a. Yes

b. No

10. Do you think that the use of JUUL flavor pods should be allowed or banned on the Flagler College campus that has recently gone smoke-free?

a. Allowed

b. Banned

Demographics

In the sample of 150 MAT 223 Statistics students, 72.67% or 109 of the students surveyed were female and 27.33% or 41 of the students surveyed were males. A bar graph displaying the students' ages is given below. This percent distribution of gender closely matches the percent distribution of the entire student body at Flagler College. The majority of the students are females. Hence the mode response is females.

Result 1: Gender of Students Surveyed in Fall 2018

Result 2: Age of the Students Surveyed Fall 2018

Summary statistics: For Age

Column |
n |
Mean |
Median |
Mode |
Std. dev. |
Range |
IQR |
Min |
Max |

Age of Students Surveyed |
150 |
19.206667 |
18 |
18 |
3.6952657 |
38 |
1 |
16 |
54 |

The age of the students surveyed is displayed in the histogram below. This distribution is unimodal and right skewed with a potential outlier at the age of 50. Since the distribution is right skewed, the best measure of center is the median of 18 years old and the best measure of spread is the IQR of 1 year. Thus, the typical age of the students surveyed was 18 years old and most students were within 1 year of 18 years old.

Result 3: Age of Students Surveyed in the Fall of 2018

The pie graph below shows the results of whether students have ever used a JUUL flavor pod. Of the 150 students surveyed 43.33 percent or 65 students said responded that they had indeed used JUUL flavor pod and 56.67 percent or 85 students surveyed said they had not. It was interesting to note that the majority of students response was that they had not used a JUUL flavor pod before.

Result 4: Whether students have used JUUL Flavor Pod

Summary statistics:

Column |
n |
Mean |
Variance |
Std. dev. |
Std. err. |
Median |
Range |
Min |
Max |
Q1 |
Q3 |

Age |
150 |
19.206667 |
13.654989 |
3.6952657 |
0.30171718 |
18 |
38 |
16 |
54 |
18 |
19 |

When we examined the amount of students from the survey who have actually used the JUULS and asked these students to give us an approximate number of times in which they have used a JUUL flavor Pod. We noticed that the graph was right skewed and multimodal. The median for this sample was 0 with an IQR of 3 users. When we looked at the variation in the data it is important to note that there was not much variation in the graph.

Result 6: The amount of times students have used JUUL flavor Pod

Result 7: Number of Times students who used JUUL

Summary statistics:

Column |
n |
Mean |
Median |
Mode |
Std. dev. |
Range |
IQR |
Min |
Max |

Number of times used JUUL |
150 |
12.813333 |
0 |
0 |
30.48344 |
100 |
3 |
0 |
100 |

In the histogram below of the 150 students surveyed they were asked how many of their friends use JUUL flavor Pod. In our observation of the histogram we noticed that the graph is right skewed and multimodal. The median was 4 with an IQR of 11. This Histogram displayed wide variation.

Result 8: The Amount of friends who use JUUL flavored Pod

Result 8: The Amount of friends who use JUUL flavored Pod

Summary statistics:

Column |
n |
Mean |
Median |
Mode |
Std. dev. |
Range |
IQR |
Min |
Max |

Number of Friends who Use JUUL |
150 |
7.76 |
4 |
0 |
8.6944247 |
25 |
11 |
0 |
25 |

According to the graph above, the pie chart shows the variation among different preferences of flavors. 63.3% or 95 people are not interested in certain flavors. This seems to be the outliers within the data. Only 1.33% prefer tobacco. If in a bar graph, the data would be right-skewed.

Result 9: The Type of Flavor most interested in using by students

In the pie chart above, majority have witnessed other student ls JUULing. According to the graph, 94% say yes. Only 9 people or 6% said more.

Result 10: Whether surveyed students have seen other students using JUUL flavor pod

According to the graph, most students say that e-cigarettes are more harmful than Tobacco flavored. 22% believe that they are less harmful than normal e-cigarettes. 117 people, 78% , said they were more harmful.

Result 11: Whether students feel e-cigarettes are less harmful than Tobacco flavored E-cigarettes

In this pie graph, the minority believes that one JUUL is not equal to one pack of cigarettes. That's about 26% or 39 people. 111 say islt is equal to a pack of cigarettes. That is about 74%.

Result 12: Whether students know the amount of Nicotine in one JUUL The

The data in this graph below is fairly equal. 51.33% say that the JULL shouldn't be banned despite being a dry campus. 73 people, 48.67% of students believe it should be banned on campus.

Result 13: Whether students feel that the use of JUUL flavor pods should be allowed on campus

**Data set 1. Flagler College Students and JUUL - Cuffy, Nickel,**[Info]

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