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Phase 2 - Flagler College Students and School Shootings Spring 2019
Generated Mar 29, 2019 by wad3o

Phase Two

Introduction:

In the first phase of this study, 150 Flagler College students were surveyed and answered questions about school shootings. For the purpose of this phase of the project, the 150 students will be split into two smaller samples. The students will be split into those who are for concealed carry on campus, and those who are not. For the purpose of this report, the two samples can be defined quite simply. “Pro Concealed Carry on Campus” describes those students who believe that concealed carry should include campuses, and “Against Concealed Carry on Campus” refers to the students who do not believe that concealed carry should extend to campuses. There are 125 Pro Concealed Carry on Campus students and 26 Against Concealed Carry on Campus students in the sample.

Result 1: Opinion on concealed weapons on campuses

Students in this study also answered many other questions. They were asked how many school shootings they can remember, if they believed school shooters under the age of 18 year olds should be tried as an adult, and if they thought that school shooters should be executed. In this report, three comparisons will be made. To start off, a comparison will be made between the amount of school shootings one can remember between the “Pro Concealed Carry on Campus” students and the “Against Concealed Carry on Campus” students. Next, the responses of whether school shooters under the age of 18 year olds should be tried as an adult and if they think that school shooters should be executed or not will be compared between the “Pro Concealed Carry on Campus” students and the “Against Concealed Carry on Campus” students.

Comparison #1:

The following stacked boxplots and corresponding summary statistics represent the number of school shootings remembered for “Pro Concealed Carry on Campus” students and “Against Concealed Carry on Campus” students. There are outliers at 15, 16, 17, and 25.

Result #2: Number of school shootings remembered by “Pro Concealed Carry on Campus” students and “Against Concealed Carry on Campus” students

The median number of school shootings remembered by “Pro Concealed Carry on Campus” students is 5 and the median number of school shootings remembered by “Against Concealed Carry on Campus” students is 5. This shows that the amount of school shootings remembered by “Pro Concealed Carry on Campus” students and “Against Concealed Carry on Campus” students are relatively similar. The upper quartile for “Pro Concealed Carry on Campus” students is 3 and the upper quartile for “Against Concealed Carry on Campus” students is 4. The lower quartile for “Pro Concealed Carry on Campus” students is 6. The lower quartile for  “Against Concealed Carry on Campus” students is 8. The minimum for both groups are the same, with the minimum being 0. The maximum for “Pro Concealed Carry on Campus” students is 10. The maximum for “Against Concealed Carry on Campus” students is 25. Furthermore, the IQR for “Pro Concealed Carry on Campus” students is 3 and the IQR for “Against Concealed Carry on Campus” students is 4.

Result #3: Summary Statistics

Summary Statistics for the Number of School Shootings Remembered:

Group by: Sample(Concealed Weapons)

 Sample(Concealed Weapons) n Mean Variance Std. dev. Std. err. Median Range Min Max Q1 Q3 Sum IQR No 124 6.2822581 23.293666 4.8263513 0.43341914 5 25 0 25 4 8 779 4 Yes 26 4.6923077 7.2615385 2.6947242 0.52847889 5 10 0 10 3 6 122 3

Comparison #2: Students Opinions on Whether Shooters Under the Age of 18 be Tried as an Adult

The following split bar plot shows that “Pro Concealed Carry on Campus” students and “Against Concealed Carry on Campus” students barely differed in their opinions on whether shooters under the age of 18 should be tried as adults. Both “Pro Concealed Carry on Campus” students and “Against Concealed Carry on Campus” students generally believed that school shooters should be tried as adults.

Result #4: Split bar graph on students Opinions on Whether Shooters Under the Age of 18 be Tried as an Adult between “Pro Concealed Carry on Campus” students and “Against Concealed Carry on Campus” students

Comparison #3: If school shooters should be executed

The following contingency table shows that school shooters that have commited the crime should not be executed. With the votes recorded overall being 85 for NO and 65 for YES determines that school shooters should not be executed. The votes that were tallied by concealed weapon owners believe that people under the age of 18 should not be executed. However, the votes recorded by non weapon owners said that they should be executed for their crimes.

Result #5: Contingency Table about whether or not school shooters should be executed

Rows: Sample(Concealed Weapons)

Columns: Sample(Executed)

 No Yes Total No 75 49 124 Yes 10 16 26 Total 85 65 150

### Chi-Square test:

 Statistic DF Value P-value Chi-square 1 4.2450288 0.0394

Conclusion:

It was found that the students differ in their opinion on if work did or didn't affect their school performances. More of the students surveyed felt work did not affect their school performance than students surveyed saying work did affect their school performance. Students that were surveyed that did not work more said that their school performance is affected than students surveyed and said that their performance wasn’t affected. This is surprising to me. If a student feels that work is affecting their performance in school that would make sense because it takes up more of their time, but for a student who doesn't work to say they would be affected doesn't make sense.