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PHASE TWO: Juul Habits of Flagler College Students in Spring 2019
Generated Mar 15, 2019 by mmahoney859

Phase TWO: Juul Habits of Flagler College Students in Spring 2019

Introduction:

On the first phase of the project, the Juul habits of a sampled 150 Flagler College students from spring semester 2019 was explored. In this phase of the report, this same sample of 150 students will be divided into two smaller samples. The two samples are the sample of Flagler College students who do Juul and the sample of Flagler College students who do not Juul. For purposes of this report, the two samples will be defined with a simple phrase. The term “Juuling Students” will define the sample of those Flagler College students who do use a Juul and the term “Non-Juuling Students” will refer to the sample of those Flagler College students who do not use a Juul. There are 54 Non-Juuling Students and 46 Juuling Students sampled.

Students surveyed answered many other questions. They reported the number of friends they have who use a Juul, if students think Juuls should be banned on campus, and if they find fruit flavors to be less harmful. First, a comparison will be made between number of friends who use a Juul between the Juuling and Non-Juuling Students. Then the responses to whether or not Juuls should be banned on campus and if students find fruit flavors less harmful compared between the Juuling Students and Non-Juuling students.

Comparison #1: Number of Friends Who Used Juul

The following stacked boxplots and corresponding summary statistics represent the number of friends who Juul for the Juuling and Non-Juuling Students.

Overall, there was a difference in the reported number of friends who use Juuls between the Juuling and Non-Juuling Students. The median number of friends who use a Juul for the Juuling Student was 10 friends while the median number of friends who use a Juul for the Non-Juuling students was 1 friend. This is a significant difference. The upper and lower quartiles for the sample were different (at 5 and 25 friends for Juuling Students and at 0 and 4 friends for Non-Juuling Students) and the minimum and maximum number of friends was the same (at 0 and between 25 friends respectively). The Non-Juuling Student sample had outliers. The upper fence for the Non-Juuling Student was 10. However, 4 outliers are present at 12, 15, 20, and 25 friends. The upper fence for the Juuling Student remains high at 25 friends. Furthermore, the variability of the Juuling Student is more than that of the Non-Juuling Student based on the IQR of both samples (IQR of 20 for Juuling Student and IQR of 4 for Non-Juuling Student). Therefore, it seems that the Juuling Students tend to have more friends that use a Juul rather than the Non-Juuling Students.

Result 2: Boxplot - Number of Friends Who Used Juul of Juuling and Non-Juuling Students

Result 3: Summary statistics for Number of Friends who Use JUUL:

Comparison #2: Bar Plot with Data - Juuls on Campus

The following split bar plot shows that Juuling Students and Non-Juuling Students were different in their responses to whether or not Juuls should be banned on campus. Approximately 65% of Juuling Students believe Juuls should not be banned on campus, while 35% of this sample believe Juuls should be banned on campus. On the other hand, approximately 38% of Non-Juuling Students believe Juuls should be not be banned on campus, while 62% of this sample believe Juuls should be banned on campus. Based on these results, Juuling Students are more likely to believe Juuls should be allowed on campus, while Non-Juuling Students are more likely to believe Juuls should be banned on campus. This result is to be expected.

Result 4: Bar Plot with Data - Ever Used Juul Vs. Should Juul be Banned on Campus

Comparison #3: Less Harmful Juul Flavors

The following contingency table compares the responses to whether or not students found flavored e-cigarettes less harmful than tobacco flavored e-cigarettes between the Juuling Students and Non-Juuling Students. Overall, 122 out of 150 students surveyed believe that flavored e-cigarette are not less harmful than tobacco flavored while 28 believe they are less harmful. Thus, 81.3% (122/150) of all the students surveyed believe that flavored e-cigarette are not less harmful than tobacco flavored. Therefore, the majority of students surveyed feel that flavored e-cigarettes are not less harmful than tobacco flavored e-cigarettes.

Of the 81 Non-Juuling students surveyed, 66 feel flavored e-cigarettes are not less harmful than tobacco flavored e-cigarettes and of the 69 Juuling Students surveyed, 56 feel flavored e-cigarettes are not less harmful than tobacco flavored e-cigarettes. That is, 81.5% (66/81) of the Non-Juuling Students feel flavored e-cigarettes are not less harmful than tobacco flavored e-cigarettes while 81.2% (56/69) of the Juuling Students feel flavored e-cigarettes are not less harmful than tobacco flavored e-cigarettes. Thus, approximately only .3% more of the Non-Juuling Students find flavored e-cigarettes not less harmful than tobacco flavored e-cigarettes. This concludes that there is an almost exact opinion that flavored e-cigarettes are not less harmful than tobacco flavored e-cigarettes between these two groups.

Result 5: Contingency Table (with data) - Ever Used Juul Vs. Less Harmful

Conclusion

In this comparison of the opinions between the students surveyed who use a Juul (Juuling Students) and those students surveyed who do not use a Juul (Non-Juuling Students), it was found that these two groups differ in the number of friends who Juul and whether or not Juuls should be banned on campus. More of the students who do not use a Juul (Non-Juuling Students) had a less number of friends who use a Juul and were more likely to believe Juuls should be banned on campus. On the other hand, more of the students who do use a Juul (Juuling Students) had more friends who use a Juul and were more likely to believe Juuls should not be banned on campus. This was not a surprising find to us. However, the two groups did not differ on whether or not flavored e-cigarettes are less harmful than tobacco flavored e-cigarettes. Overall, Juuling Students and Non-Juuling Students both recognize that flavored e-cigarettes are not less harmful than tobacco flavored e-cigarettes, but Juuling Students are more likely to have friends that Juul and are likely to believe Juuls should not be banned on campus.

Result 1: Juuling and Non-Juuling Students Sampled   [Info]

Result 2: Boxplot - Friends Who Used Juul of Juuling and Non-Juuling Students   [Info]

Result 3: Summary Stats Friends who Use   [Info]

### Summary statistics for Number of Friends who Use JUUL:

Group by: Ever Used Juul
Ever Used JuulnMinQ1MedianQ3MaxIQR
No810014254
Yes690510252520

Result 4: Bar Plot With Data - Ever Used Juul Vs. Should be Banned on Campus   [Info]

Result 5: Contingency table (with data) - Ever Used Juul Vs. Less Harmful   [Info]

### Contingency table results:

Rows: Ever Used Juul
Columns: Less Harmful
NoYesTotal
No661581
Yes561369
Total12228150

### Chi-Square test:

StatisticDFValueP-value
Chi-square10.00254556560.9598